Here’s a breakdown of the main causes of menstrual cramps

Endometriosis: Endometriosis is an ongoing condition characterised by the growth of tissue outside the uterus that resembles the endometrium, which lines the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and pelvic lining. Infertility, painful periods, pelvic discomfort, and pain during or after sex are among the symptoms. Medication, hormone therapy, surgery, and lifestyle modifications are available as forms of treatment.

Fibroids in Utero: Menstrual cramps can be increased by uterine fibroids by increasing intrauterine pressure and inflammation. This may cause the uterine muscles to contract more forcefully and for a longer period during menstruation, which would increase pain and discomfort. Fibroids can also interfere with the uterus’s natural blood flow, which can worsen menstrual cramps by depriving the uterine muscles of oxygen.

Adenomyosis: Menstrual cramping is made worse by adenomyosis, a condition in which endometrial tissue develops into the uterine wall. This is because it causes greater contractions of the uterus, inflammation, and activation of muscles. For successful symptom management and improved quality of life, several elements that cause increased pain and discomfort during menstruation must be addressed medically.

Inflammatory Signs of the Pelvis: Sexually transmitted bacteria are typically to blame for this illness of the female reproductive system.

Spinal Stenosis: In certain women, the cervix’s opening is so tiny that it obstructs the flow of menstrual fluid, painfully raising the pressure inside the uterus.


What Are The Symptoms of Menstrual Cramps?

During their cycle, numerous women experience cramps, also known as dysmenorrhea. The symptoms of menstrual cramps vary.

  • Dull, throbbing, or cramping lower abdominal discomfort that might spread to the thighs or lower back.
  • Pain can be intermittent or constant before, during, or after menstruation; it usually starts a day or two before bleeding starts.
  • Cramps are accompanied by nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, or headaches.
  • Having fainting or vertigo.
  • Bloating or pain in the abdomen.
  • Weariness or agitation.
  • Pain that makes it difficult to go about regular tasks or enjoy life.

What Are The Treatment For Menstrual Cramps?

Many women go through cramps, known as dysmenorrhea, during their cycle. Below are the menstrual cramp treatments, which are caused by the uterus contracting as it sheds its lining.

Painkillers: The pain of cramps can be managed with over-the-counter painkillers such as naproxen sodium (Aleve) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, and others) taken at regular intervals beginning the day before you anticipate the start of your period.

Hormonal birth control: Hormones found in oral contraceptives stop ovulation and lessen the intensity of menstrual cramps. Injections, skin patches, implants inserted beneath the skin of your arm, flexible rings inserted into your vagina, and intrauterine devices (IUDs) are additional delivery methods for these hormones.

Heat Therapy: To ease the discomfort, one can try using over-the-counter pain medications, applying heat therapy and engaging in the activity.

Surgery: Surgery to address the issue may alleviate your symptoms if endometriosis or fibroids are the source of your period cramps. If non-surgical uterine excision is not a viable choice for you and other treatment methods are not successful in relieving your symptoms, then this may also be a possibility.


In summary, it is crucial to comprehend the reasons, signs, and available remedies for cramps to alleviate discomfort and enhance well-being during menstruation. Identifying triggers, like imbalances or lifestyle choices, enables people to actively address their symptoms through lifestyle modifications, pain medications, and holistic treatments.