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Fallopian Tube Blockage and Infertility
1. What happens if the fallopian tube is blocked or damaged?A female with damaged or blocked fallopian tubes may face fertility issues. A fallopian tube acts as a passage for an egg to travel from the ovaries to the uterus. The sperm fertilises an egg in the fallopian tube. This fertilised egg implants in the uterus and grows into a baby.
2. Is blocked fallopian tubes a serious problem?It’s a severe problem for couples trying to conceive. If both the fallopian tubes are blocked, achieving a natural pregnancy is impossible. Besides that, blocked or damaged fallopian tubes increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy. Such a pregnancy can result in bleeding, pain, and rupture of the fallopian tube.
3. How is fallopian tube blockage or damage diagnosed?The doctor will check your medical history and go for a pelvic examination. The doctor may utilise imaging techniques, hysterosalpingography (HSG), sonohysterography, or Laparoscopy to check for a blockage or damage.
4. How is fallopian tube blockage or damage treated?If the blockage or damage results from an infection or inflammation, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics or anti-inflammatory drugs to resolve the condition. If it needs surgical intervention, a surgeon may recommend laparoscopic surgery, tubal cannulation, or salpingectomy. ARTs like IVF and GIFT can help the couple achieve pregnancy.
5. What are the chances of getting pregnant if I have fallopian tube blockage or damage?Your chances of getting pregnant depend on the severity of your damage or the extent of the blockage. Other factors like the location of the blockage, treatment options utilised, and whether other fertility issues are present also matter.