Purpose: To determine whether the blastocyst mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content is related to the miscarriage rate in patients undergoing single euploid frozen embryo transfer (SEFET).
Methods: A total of 355 single euploid frozen embryo transfer cycles were studied retrospectively between April 2017 and December 2018. A trophectoderm biopsy was performed on day 5/6 blastocysts. Post next-generation sequencing (NGS), the mtDNA content was calculated as the ratio of mitochondrial DNA over nuclear DNA, and the association between blastocyst mtDNA content and miscarriage rate was evaluated.
Result(s): Three hundred fifty-five euploid blastocysts were selected for SEFET in 314 patients with an average age of 33.7 ± 5.6 years; 255 were biopsied on day 5 (71.8%) and 100 on day 6 (28.2%). Frozen embryo transfer (FET) was performed either in a hormone replacement therapy (HRT) cycle (71.8%; n = 255) or in a natural cycle (NC) (28.2%; n = 100). A pregnancy rate of 66.2% (235/355) was obtained with clinical pregnancy and miscarriage rates of 52.4% (n = 186) and 5.6% (n = 20), respectively. There was no significant difference neither between the blastocyst mtDNA content of pregnant and nonpregnant patients (27.7 ± 9.2 vs. 29.4 ± 8.6, P = 0.095) nor between patients with a clinical pregnancy and miscarriage (30.5 ± 9.3 vs. 27.3 ± 9.2, P = 0.136). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed the same nonsignificant relationship, except for the miscarriage rate and BMI (OR 1.149, 95% CI 1.03-1.28; P = 0.012).
Conclusion(s): Mitochondrial DNA content is unable to predict the miscarriage of implanted human euploid blastocysts.